Faculty of Traditional Medicine
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
The term "Swedish Massage" refers to a variety of techniques specifically designed to relax muscles by applying pressure to them against deeper muscles and bones, and rubbing in the same direction as the flow of blood returning to the heart. This form of massage was created at the turn of the century by Henry Peter Ling in Sweden. It involves the use of kneading, stroking, friction, tapping, and vibration and may provide relief from stiffness, numbness, pain, constipation, and other health problems. The main purpose of Swedish massage is to increase the oxygen flow in the blood and release toxins from the muscles. Other possible benefits include stimulation of circulation, an increase in muscle tone, and a balance of the musculo-skeletal systems. Swedish massage shortens recovery time from muscular strain by flushing the tissues of lactic acid, uric acid, and other metabolic wastes. It increases circulation without increasing heart load.
The usual sequence in which a swedish massage strokes are conducted are Effleurage, Petrissage, Friction, Vibration, Percussion, and finally passive and active movements (bending and stretching).
Sports massage focuses on muscles relevant to the event. For athletes who train continuously, the goal is to enhance endurance, lessen the chance of injury and shorten the time needed to recover from an event.Sports Massage may utilize a variety of techniques such as classical Swedish Massage, trigger point therapy, and hydrotherapy. Prior to an athletic event, Sports Massage may be used with stretching in order to help athletes to loosen, warm and prepare their muscles so that their performance and endurance might be enhanced. Following an athletic event, Sports Massage may be used to relieve pain, prevent stiffness, and return the muscles back to their normal state. Sports Massage may also be used for injury rehabilitation.
Specialists of “Medstyle effect” recommend to their patients a non-medicated method of treatment, reflexotherapy. It is oriented on the activation of the organism’s defensive functions and has a positive effect on various systems of organs. Reflexotherapy (acupuncture, needle – therapy, cauterization) has been for quite a long time and used by the doctors of Ancient China, who were sure that reflexotherapy is a way to wake the organism’s sleeping forces.
Reflexotherapy is a complex of treatment methods, which presupposes the use of fingers, needles, magnet applicators by means of laser and low-tension current to influence biologically active spots on a human body (reflexozones, acupuncture spots), which are situated where nerve terminals and vessels are concentrated. All the mentioned above methods are based on the reaction of human nervous system to the physical pressure. Nervous system coordinates all the processes in the organism, which means that by the correct influence on the nervous system one can also influence practically any physiological and pathological phenomena.
Reflexotherapy, which has no serious contraindications and side effects, is nowadays singled out both as a self-sufficient method of treatment of various diseases and as a part of more complex treatment courses. It is widely used for the treatment of peripheral nervous system diseases (neuralgia, neuritis, radiculitis), various diseases of inner organs (bronchial asthma, colitis, etc.). Reflexotherapy is also efficient, when used for the treatment of central nervous system diseases. Acupuncture copes with ache of different etiology (from head ache to tooth ache), trouble sleeping. It is also used to get rid of extra weight (pressure on certain reflexozones lessens appetite), pull towards smoking, makes for the activation of exchange processes, better work of secretory systems and normalization of hormones system activity.
Reflexotherapy is also used to diagnose inner organs diseases as the reaction, which is caused by this or that pressure on biological spots, can serve as a hint when detecting the illness.
High skilled specialists of reflexotherapy, working in “Medstyle effect”, know all the subtle points of the Eastern Medicine miracle. Their art will help you to strengthen your health, get rid of quick fatigability and activate all the organism’s forces to fight with illnesses.
Manual lymphatic drainage:
Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) is a type of gentle massage which is intended by proponents to encourage the natural circulation of the lymph through the body. The lymph system depends on intrinsic contractions of the smooth muscle cells in the walls of lymph vessels (peristalsis) and the movement of skeletal muscles to propel lymph through the vessels to lymph nodes and then beyond the lymph nodes to the lymph ducts which return lymph to the cardiovascular system. Manual lymph drainage uses a specific amount of pressure (less than 9 ounces per square inch) and rhythmic circular movements to stimulate lymph flow
Shiatsu is a physical therapy that supports and strengthens the body’s natural ability to heal and balance itself. It works on the whole person - not just a physical body, but also a psychological, emotional and spiritual being.
Shiatsu originated in Japan from traditional Chinese medicine, with influences from more recent Western therapies. Although shiatsu means ‘finger pressure’ in Japanese, in practise a practitioner uses touch, comfortable pressure and manipulative techniques to adjust the body’s physical structure and balance its energy flow. It is a deeply relaxing experience and regular treatments can alleviate stress and illness and maintain health and well-being.
Craniosacral therapy is a pain management technique focusing on the manipulation of the membranes and cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brain. The technique combines alternative healing practices with traditional cranial osteopathy by applying massage to the head and spine with the goal of unblocking points of tension.
Appropriately trained chiropractors and physical therapists can employ craniosacral therapy to treat pain from spine-related dysfunctions, including certain types of neck and back pain, and brain and spinal cord injuries.
Craniosacral therapy is based on the notion that releasing restrictions in the carniosacral system will impove the functioning of the central nervous system.
Ancient spiritual massage:
This method was used in ancient Iran.
The techniques of healing was considered a secret and this knowledge was transferred from chest to chest.
In this method for each member of a body, there was a specific mention. When massaging the member, a masseur would repeat it under the lip.
In this way it was believed that every member of the body is associated with one of the the God's names.
Whenever a member balances out, with the knowledge of God it can be restored to health route.
The main requirement was that work performed by master masseur had the knowledge of these names.
Kermanshahian oil massage:
Most of these methods based on therapeutic mechanism and the use of special oils in the treatment of joints, fractures, dislocations, and ... It is one of the main pillars. (Fractures and lacerations of the massage is not deep and only on the surface for a gentle massage so that oil will be absorbed.)
Kermanshahian oil massage is one of the four main pillars of classification techniques in fixing broken bones.
Unfortunately, despite the tremendous impact of this type of massage, specialists do not pay much attention.
Long movements, stretching, deep and ...
with Techniques of putting joints into place with
Imprisonment and releasing energy in body tissues has made it a perfect and unique knowledge of this technique of low-defect.
In addition to the above mentioned methods, there are other techniques such as zero balance, colon massage, Boyesen massage, Thal massage, underwater massage and ..... The description of each one of them does not fit in this article.