Addressing the Challenges of Nutrition in Iran and the World with the Presence of Internationally Renowned Professors
With the presence of prominent national and international professors, the challenges of nutrition in Iran and the world were addressed at the International Congress of Nutrition in the form of a panel on nutrition and health.
According to the news agency of the International Congress of Nutrition: From Basic Science to Clinical Studies, prominent professors such as Professor Angelo Azzi from the United States, Professor Luciano B Sutanto from Indonesia, Dr. Hamid Jan from Malaysia, Dr. Elmadfa from the University of Vienna and Dr. Fereydoun Azizi From Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences presented their research on nutrition and human health.
Dr. Angelo Azzi, one of the panel's speakers, pointed out the role of antioxidants in the fight against free radicals. In the past, antioxidants were thought to be able to cure various types of diseases and free radicals would be quite harmful, but 2015 Studies have shown that free radicals can also be useful.
This US university professor pointed out that vitamin E is the best-known antioxidant, but researchers have now concluded that this vitamin does not play an effective role in the improvement of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, and even its high doses can increase the risk of bleeding and prostate cancer.
Dr. Luciano B Sutanto from Indonesia addressed the topic of water and fluid therapy in post-operative patients and preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting and said: “To prevent nausea in these patients, the fluid therapy should be stopped one day after surgery, and patients must turn to eating.”
Vitamin D Deficiency Increases the Risk of High Blood Pressure
On vitamin D and its sources, Dr. Hamid Jan from Malaysia said: “The main role of vitamin D is improving bone density, and its deficiency, in addition to osteoporosis, can lead to diseases like high blood pressure.”
He stated that the main source of vitamin D is the sunlight and said: “Various factors, such as sun exposure, season, humidity, occupation, and lifestyle are involved in receiving this vitamin.”
Dr. Hamid Jan said that in a study to compensate for the deficiency of vitamin D, the subjects were divided into three groups and in one group, for 20 minutes (between 10 and 11 am) subjects were exposed to sunlight twice a week, in the other group, vitamin D supplement was prescribed once a week, and in the third group, placebo was prescribed.”
He said: "According to the results of this study, sunlight and supplements have increased vitamin D levels in individuals equally."
Childhood Obesity Increases the Risk of Cardiac Diseases in Childhood
Professor Azizi from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, addressed childhood obesity, and said: “Childhood obesity increases the risk of cardiac diseases and insulin resistance.”
Professor of Shahid Beheshti University pointed to the environmental conditions involved in childhood obesity and stated: “malnutrition, overeating, pregnancy diabetes, maternal smoking, and newborn obesity are effective in the development of obesity in childhood. Since many obesity treatments are not usable in children and even in adults, preventing obesity and avoiding risk factors is one of the most important strategies in this regard.”
He offered some plans in this regard and said: "Reducing the use of unhealthy foods in children and adolescents and replacing them with healthy food, providing a healthy environment for children's physical activities, and taking taxes for producers of ready-made and harmful foods are among the solutions to be considered.”
Childhood obesity, in addition to cardiovascular diseases, increases the risk of developing fatty liver and obesity during adulthood, and the best time to intervene to prevent these diseases is during pre-pregnancy period and early childhood.
Anti-Cancer Effect of the Active Ingredients of Turmeric and Walnut
Dr. Mousavi Movahedi, a university professor, pointed out the antioxidant effects of curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric and walnut proteins, and said: "Walnut proteins can inhibit the activity of the cell line of breast and colon cancers and reduce fasting blood glucose (in laboratory models).”
He added: "On the other hand, curcumin has anti-Alzheimer's, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects.”
He said: “The results of 50-year studies show that unlike traditional beliefs, type 2 diabetes is not just due to increasing blood glucose, and stressors are also involved.”
Dr. Elmadfa, from the University of Vienna, mentioned the differences in vitamin D2 and D3 in this panel and said: “Both vitamins are absorbed uniformly, but vitamin D3 levels increase further and stay longer.”
He emphasized that high levels of vitamin D can reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cancers, and said: “However, high levels of vitamin D can increase the risk of these diseases.”
A specialized panel of “Nutrition and Cancer” was also hosted by the International Congress of Nutrition attended by experts.