Specialized workshops of the first International Congress of Nutrition: From Basic Science to Clinical Studies began from September 3 with the presence of well-known experts in nutrition science.
New methods of obesity treatment, transgenic products and factor analysis were among workshops held on the first day at the Faculties of Medicine and Health of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.
RF and Cryolipolysis; non-invasive and non-surgical treatments for obesity
On the specialized workshop "New Treatments for Obesity", a faculty member of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences described RF and Cryolipolysis as new methods of obesity treatment and stated: “Unlike the old methods, the treatment process is noninvasive and without surgery.”
In a conversation with the news agency of the First International Congress of Nutrition at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Dr. Majid Ghayour Mobarhan mentioned an obesity rate of 60 percent in Mashhad, and pointed out: “Due to the activity of non-experts in obesity treatment, patients' alertness in referring to validated centers and physicians is essential.”
He stated that various indicators are important in determining obesity and type of treatment and added: “For people with a higher-than-normal BMI value, which is determined by a specific formula, one of the methods of obesity treatment will be applied according to the diagnosis of a physician.”
Faculty member of the Department of Modern Sciences and Technologies of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences added: “For most patients, obesity treatments include invasive and non-invasive methods. In the first method, removal of excess body fat through surgery is inevitable. In the second approach, using methods such as RF and cryolipolysis” (Cold Therapy), fat cells break down and the body's adipose tissue is lost without surgery.
He also emphasized that the re-establishment of fatty tissue in all surgical procedures is possible, and taking care of patients is crucial in order to prevent it, and said: ”Obesity treatment in people with special conditions (such as pregnant women, people with cardiac diseases, etc.) should be performed with more research and caution; even if modern treatment methods are used.”
Faculty Member of Ahwaz Jundishapur University stated;
The Benefits and Complications of Transgenic Products; Still on the Road to Global Research
Dr. Seyed Mohammad Ali Nouri stated that the usefulness or harmfulness of transgenic products is still under investigation by different countries and emphasized: “Until completion of this research and the achievement of scientific documentation, it is better to address the benefits and complications of these products with more caution.”
In a conversation with the news agency of the First International Congress of Nutrition, faculty member of Ahwaz Jundishapur University said: “The use of genetically modified products is one of the fundamental challenges of today’s world, which despite numerous research, their use in food production cycles remains unclear.”
He added: “While some experts believe that genetic modification in products changes their initial quality and that their health can not be guaranteed, some also believe that genetic mutations improve quantity and quality of products and ultimately improve human’s biological condition.”
Dr. Nouri mentioned global research conducted regarding transgenic products and said: “Even though some research suggest that genetically modified products are resistant to pest and diseases, and that farmers do not use hazardous chemical pesticides in the cultivation and production of these products, other research suggest that the use of genetically modified seeds and plants found to sterilize and destroy soil over time.”
He added: “According to this research, complications such as cancer, exacerbation of allergies, and resistance to antibiotics are among the negative effects of genetic modification. Elimination of biodiversity in plants can also be considered as a major consequence.”
However, he said: “Despite extensive research, some are conducted in a cross-sectional manner and within a short period of time, which reduces their validity and credibility, making it difficult to accept the results. Therefore, it is necessary to address their positive and negative aspects with more caution until further research reveal more reliable results.”