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General Information about Khorasan.pdfGeneral Information about Khorasan.doc

General Information about Khorasan


Razavi Khorasan Province

Razavi Khorasan Province
استان خراسان رضوی

Location

Map of Iran

Statistics

Capital:
 • Coordinates:

Mashhad
 • 36.2980° N 59.6057° E

Area :

144,681 km²

Population(2005):
 • Density :

5,202,770
 • 36.0/km²

Sub-provinces
(Shahrestan)
:

19

Time zone:

UTC+3:30

Main language(s):

Persian
Kurdish
Turkmen

Razavi Khorasan (in Persian: خراسان رضوی) is a province located in northeastern Iran. Mashhad is the centre and capital of the province.

Other cities and townships are Ghouchan, Dargaz, Chenaran, Sarakhs, Fariman, Torbat-e Heydarieh, Torbat-e Jam, Taybad, Khaf, Roshtkhar, Kashmar, Bardaskan, Neyshabour, Sabzevar, Gonabad, Kalat, Khalil Abad and Mahvalat.

Razavi Khorasan is one of the three provinces that were created after the division of Khorasan in 2004.

History

Greater Khorasan has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties and governments in its territory throughout history. Various tribes of the Arabs, Turks, Mongols, Turkemen and Afghans brought changes to the region time and time again.

Ancient geographers of Iran divided Iran ("Iran-Shahr") into eight segments of which the most flourishing and largest was the territory of Greater Khorasan.

 

Nader Shah Afshar's tomb in Mashad

Nader Shah Afshar's tomb in Mashad.

 

Akhangan tomb

Akhangan tomb, where Gohar-Taj, sister of Goharshad is buried. The architecture is a fine example of the Timurid era of Persia.

 

Haruniyeh

Haruniyeh, named after Harun al-Rashid. The present structure was probably built in the 13th century. The great Sufi Sheikh Imam Mohammad Ghazali is also buried here.

 

Goharshad mosque

Goharshad mosque built in 1418 CE by the orders of Goharshad, wife of Shah Rukh.

 

Tomb of Kamal-ol-molk

Tomb of Kamal-ol-molk in Nishapur.

 

Wooden mosque

Wooden mosque placed in Nishapur Wooden village,a unique village in Iran.

 

Tomb of Farid ad-Din Attar

Tomb of Farid ad-Din Attar in Nishapur.

 

Khayyam's Planetarium

Khayyam's Planetarium future view, the greatest Planetarium in Middle East.

 


The earlies known evidence for Lower Paleolithic occupation of Iran comes from Kashafrud basin at east of Mashad.The famous Parthian empire was based near Merv in Khorasan for many years.

During the Sassanid dynasty the province was governed by an Espahbod (Lieutenant General) called "Padgoosban" and four margraves, each commander of one of the four parts of the province.

Khorassan was divided into four parts during the Islamic Conquest of Iran and each section was named after the four large cities, such as Neyshabour, Merv, Herat, and Balkh.

In the year 651 CE, the army of Islamic Arabs invaded Khorasan. The territory remained in the hands of the Abbasid clan until 820 CE, followed by the rule of the Iranian Taherid clan in the year 896 CE and the Samanid dynasty in 900 CE.

Sultan Mohmud Qaznavi conquered Khorasan in 994 CE and in the year 1037 CE Toqrol, the first of the Seljuqian rulers conquered Neyshabour.

Mahmud Qaznavi retaliated against the invaders several times, and finally the Qaznavi Turks defeated Sultan Sanjar. But there was more to come, as in 1157 CE Khorasan was conquered by The Khwarazmids and because of simultaneous attacks by the Mongols, Khorasan was annexed to the territories of the Mongol Ilkhanate.

In the 14th century, a flag of independence was hoisted by the Sarbedaran movement in Sabzevar, and in 1468 CE, Khorasan came into the hands of Amir Teimoor Goorkani (Tamerlane) and the city of Herat was declared as capital.

In 1507 CE, Khorassan was occupied by Uzbek tribes. After the death of Nadir Shah Afshar in 1747 CE, Khorasan was occupied by the Afghans.

During the Qajar period, Britain supported the Afghans to protect their East India Company. Herat was thus separated from Persia, and Nasereddin Shah was unable to defeat The British to take back Herat. Finally, the Paris Treaty was concluded in 1903 and Iran was compelled not to challenge The British for Herat and other parts of what is today Afghanistan.

Finally Khorasan was divided into two parts: the eastern part, which was the most densely populated region came under British occupation, and the western section remained part of Iran.

Khorasan was the largest province of Iran until it was divided to three provinces on September 29, 2004. The provinces approved by the parliament of Iran (on May 18, 2004) and the Council of Guardians (on May 29, 2004) were Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, and South Khorasan.

Khorasan today

The major ethnic groups in this region are the Persians, Khorasani Turks, Turkmens, Kurds, and Arabs. There is also a sizeable Afghan community in the province due to the influx of refugees coming from Afghanistan in recent years.

Attractions

17th-century monument

 

This 17th-century monument, set in a small walled water-garden, is on the Nishapur-Mashhad road, 26 km from Nishapur in the village of Ghadamgah.

Tomb of Omar Khayyám

 

Tomb of Omar Khayyám in Neyshapur

This province envelopes many historical and natural attractions, such as mineral water springs, small lakes, recreational areas, caves and protected regions, and various hiking areas.

Besides these, Khorasan encompasses numerous religious buildings and places of pilgrimage, including the shrine of his Imam Reza, Goharshad mosque and many other mausoleums and Imamzadehs which attract visitors to this province.

The Cultural Heritage of Iran lists 1179 sites of historical and cultural significance in all three provinces of Khorasan.

Some of the popular attractions of Razavi Khorasan are:

  • Tus, where Ferdowsi, Persia's Homer is buried.
  • Neyshabour, where Attar, Omar Khayyám, and Kamal-ol-molk are buried.
  • Goharshad mosque**
  • Shrine of Imam Reza
  • Khaneh Khorshid
  • Shandiz
  • Torghabeh
  • Tomb of Nadir Shah Afshar
  • Akhangan (Akhanjan) tower
  • Haruniyeh dome, where the famous mystic Imam Mohammad Ghazali is buried.
  • Tus citadel
  • Bazangan lake,
  • Kooh Sangi
  • Akhlamad
  • Band-e-Golestan (Golestan dam)
  • Jaghargh
  • Zoshk
  • Noghondar
  • Kardeh Dam
  • Vakilabad and Mellat parks
  • Zari, Hendelabad, Mozdooran, Moghan and Kardeh caves.
  • Robat Sharaf castle
  • Tomb of Khajeh Abasalt, Khajeh Morad, Ravi (famous Iranian Gnostics) and mausoleum of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi.
  • Yahya and Khajeh Rabi mausoleum
  • Sabz (green) dome.

Colleges and universities

general information about khorasan iran mashhad scool of medical sciences 

 general information about khorasan iran mashhad scool of medical sciences Razavi Khorasan Province

Last Update : 2014-09-30 13:38:29

General Information about Khorasan.pdfGeneral Information about Khorasan.doc

General Information about Khorasan

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Contact Details:
Main address: University St., Ghoraishy Building 91375-345 Mashhad, Iran ,
Tel:( 98 511) 841 2081-5 , Fax:( 98 511) 8430249 , E-mail: Info(at)mums.ac.ir Members: - Schools and Hospitals School: Dentistry , School: Health , School: Medicine , School: Nursing & Midwifery , School: Paramedical , School: Pharmacy , School: Traditional Medicine , Hospital: Dr.Sheikh , Hospital: Dr.Shariati , Hospital: Emam Reza , Hospital: Ghaem , Hospital: Hashemi Nezhad , Hospital: Ibn-e-Sina , Hospital: Khatam-al-Anbia , Hospital: Montaserie , Hospital: Ommul-Banin , Hospital: Omid , Hospital: Shahid Kamyab , Hospital: Taleghani , History: Mashhad Faculty of Medicine was officially opened on Nov. 23, 1949 by Dr Zanganeh, the minister of culture. The school started out with 61 students, one associate professor and seven tutors. In 1956, when the school of Arts opened, the two schools merged to form the University of Mashhad. In 1989, the faculties offering Medical Sciences' degrees across the country separated from the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education. New emerging Medical Universities have gone under management of Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education. Thus the original University of Mashhad was divided into two independent universities: "Ferdowsi University of Mashhad" and "Mashhad University of Medical Sciences'. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences operates at present with 8 faculties, 32 hospitals, 179 rural and 147 urban health centers. It covers an enormous area stretching from the north east to the central parts of the country, which makes it the largest university of Medical Sciences providing health care and treatment services. With 597 teaching staff, 1645 MDs with different specialties, 138 dentists, 123 pharmacists and 25, 402 employees, the university provides health care and medical services to the area's large population as well as to over 25 million tourists a year.

Mashhad university of medical Sciences, Information Technology Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad-Iran, Tel.:(+98 51) 38023024-6, Fax:(+98 51) 38548048, P.O. Box: 91375-3316, SMS: 30007273, Email: web@mums.ac.ir
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