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Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ايران
Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān
Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran flag

Emblem

Flag
Emblem
 
Motto
(official)
Esteqlāl, āzādī, jomhūrī-ye eslāmī 1  
(Persian)
"Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic"

(national)
 

map

Capital
(and largest city)
Tehran
35°41′N, 51°25′E
Official languages
Persian
Government
Islamic Republic
-
Supreme Leader
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
-
President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran, (Persian: ايران, Īrān; pronunciation: officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ايران, transliteration: Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān), formerly known internationally as Persia, is a Southwest Asian country located in the geographical territories of the Middle East and Southern Asia. The 18th largest country in the world, Iran is approximately the size of the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany combined and has a population of over seventy million people. Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west. In addition, it borders the Persian Gulf, an important oil-producing area, and the Caspian Sea. Shi'a Islam is the official state religion and Persian the official language. The political system of Iran comprises several intricately connected governing bodies and is based on the 1979 Constitution. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently served by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
Iranian Revolution
The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution) transformed Iran from a monarchy under  Pahlavi, to an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution and founder of the Islamic Republic.

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

 
Arrival of Ayatollah Khomeini on February 1, 1979 from France.
The revolution began in January 1978 with the first major demonstrations against the Shah. After strikes and demonstrations paralyzed the country, the Shah fled the country in January 1979. On February 1, 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini returned from exile to Tehran, greeted by millions of Iranians. The Pahlavi dynasty collapsed ten days later on February 11 when Iran's military declared itself "neutral" after guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting. Iran officially became an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979 when Iranians overwhelmingly approved a national referendum to make it so. In December 1979 the country approved a theocratic constitution, whereby Ayatollah Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country. The speed and success of the revolution surprised many throughout the world, it as it had not been precipitated by a military defeat, a financial crisis, or a peasant rebellion. It produced profound change at great speed. It overthrew a regime thought to be heavily protected by a lavishly financed army and security services. And it replaced an ancient monarchy with a theocracy based on Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists (or velayat-e faqih). It resulted in an Islamic Republic "under the guidance of an 80-year-old exiled religious scholar from Qom," Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
The revolution was an era of heroism and sacrifice that brought forth the nucleus of a world Islamic state, "a perfect model of splendid, humane, and divine life… for all the peoples of the world."
Government and politics
The political system of the Islamic Republic is based on the 1979 Constitution called the "Qanun-e Asasi" ("Fundamental Law"). The system comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The Supreme Leader of Iran is responsible for delineation and supervision of "the general policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran". The Supreme Leader is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, controls the military intelligence and security operations; and has sole power to declare war. The heads of the judiciary, state radio and television networks, the commanders of the police and military forces and six of the twelve members of the Council of Guardians are appointed by the Supreme Leader. The Assembly of Experts elects and dismisses the Supreme Leader on the basis of qualifications and popular esteem. The Assembly of Experts is responsible for supervising the Supreme Leader in the performance of legal duties.
After the Supreme Leader, the Constitution defines the President of Iran as the highest state authority. The President is elected by universal suffrage for a term of four years. Presidential candidates must be approved by the Council of Guardians prior to running in order to ensure their allegiance to the ideals of the Islamic revolution. The President is responsible for the implementation of the Constitution and for the exercise of executive powers, except for matters directly related to the Supreme Leader, who has the final say in all matters. The President appoints and supervises the Council of Ministers, coordinates government decisions, and selects government policies to be placed before the legislature. Eight Vice-Presidents serve under the President, as well as a cabinet of twenty-one ministers, who must all be approved by the legislature. Unlike many other states, the executive branch in Iran does not control the armed forces. Although the President appoints the Ministers of Intelligence and Defense, it is customary for the President to obtain explicit approval from the Supreme Leader for these two ministers before presenting them to the legislature for a vote of confidence. Iran's current president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, was elected in a run-off poll in the 2005 presidential elections. His term expires in 2009.

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei

 
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran.
Provinces
Iran is divided into 30 provinces (ostānhā, singular ostān), each governed by an appointed governor (استاندار, ostāndār). The provinces are divided into counties (shahrestānhā, singular shahrestān), and subdivided into districts (bakhshānhā, singular bakhsh) and sub-districts (dehestānhā, singular dehestān).

map of Iran

The map does not show the southern islands of Hormozgan(#20 listed below):
1.
Tehran
2.
Qom
3.
Markazi
4.
5.
Gīlān
6.
Ardabil
7.
Zanjan
8.
East Azarbaijan
9.
West Azarbaijan
10.
Kurdistan
 
11.
Hamadān
12.
Kermanshah
13.
Īlām
14.
15.
16.
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
17.
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad
18.
19.
Fārs
20.
 
21.
Sistan and Baluchestan
22.
Kermān
23.
Yazd
24.
Isfahan
25.
Semnān
26.
Māzandarān
27.
Golestān
28.
North Khorasan
29.
Razavi Khorasan
30.
South Khorasan
 
 
Major cities
Iran has one of the highest urban-growth rates in the world. From 1950 to 2002 the urban proportion of the population increased from 27% to 60%. The United Nations predicts that by 2030 the urban population will form 80% of the overall population. Most of the internal migrants have settled near the cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Ahvaz, and Qom.
Tehran (population: 8,000,000)

Azadi Tower (Freedom Tower)

 
Azadi Tower (Freedom Tower).
Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran with 7,160,094 inhabitants (metropolitan: 14,000,000) and like many big cities, suffers from severe air pollution. Tehran is the hub of the country's communication and transport network. The city has numerous large museums, art centers, palace complexes and cultural centers and host 45% of Iran's industries.
Mashhad (population: 2,463,393)
Mashhad (also spelt Mashad, literally "The place of martyrdom"), is located 850 kilometers (500 miles) east of Tehran, Iran (Persia), and is one of the holiest Shi'a cities in the world. It is the second largest city with a population of 2.8 million.at the center of the province of Razavi Khorasan.
Karaj (population: 1,602,350)
Karaj is located in Tehran province and is situated 20 km west of Tehran, at the foot of Alborz mountains, however the city is increasingly becoming an extension of the metropolitan Tehran.
Isfahan (population: 1,600,554)
Isfahan or Eşfahān, located about 340 km south of Tehran, and is the capital of Isfahan Province and Iran's fourth largest city.
The Naghsh-e Jahan Square

 

iran universityof medical sciences mashhad islamic republic

Last Update : 2017-12-12 00:31:05

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Contact Details:
Main address: University St., Ghoraishy Building 91375-345 Mashhad, Iran ,
Tel:( 98 511) 841 2081-5 , Fax:( 98 511) 8430249 , E-mail: Info(at)mums.ac.ir Members: - Schools and Hospitals School: Dentistry , School: Health , School: Medicine , School: Nursing & Midwifery , School: Paramedical , School: Pharmacy , School: Traditional Medicine , Hospital: Dr.Sheikh , Hospital: Dr.Shariati , Hospital: Emam Reza , Hospital: Ghaem , Hospital: Hashemi Nezhad , Hospital: Ibn-e-Sina , Hospital: Khatam-al-Anbia , Hospital: Montaserie , Hospital: Ommul-Banin , Hospital: Omid , Hospital: Shahid Kamyab , Hospital: Taleghani , History: Mashhad Faculty of Medicine was officially opened on Nov. 23, 1949 by Dr Zanganeh, the minister of culture. The school started out with 61 students, one associate professor and seven tutors. In 1956, when the school of Arts opened, the two schools merged to form the University of Mashhad. In 1989, the faculties offering Medical Sciences' degrees across the country separated from the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education. New emerging Medical Universities have gone under management of Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education. Thus the original University of Mashhad was divided into two independent universities: "Ferdowsi University of Mashhad" and "Mashhad University of Medical Sciences'. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences operates at present with 8 faculties, 32 hospitals, 179 rural and 147 urban health centers. It covers an enormous area stretching from the north east to the central parts of the country, which makes it the largest university of Medical Sciences providing health care and treatment services. With 597 teaching staff, 1645 MDs with different specialties, 138 dentists, 123 pharmacists and 25, 402 employees, the university provides health care and medical services to the area's large population as well as to over 25 million tourists a year.

Mashhad university of medical Sciences, Information Technology Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad-Iran, Tel.:(+98 51) 38023024-6, Fax:(+98 51) 38548048, P.O. Box: 91375-3316, SMS: 30007273, Email: web@mums.ac.ir
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