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عناوین آموزشی 29.4%
عناوین تخصصی 11.8%
بیماریهای شایع 18.5%
عناوینی که برای عموم قابل درک باشد 23.5%
سایت مناسب است 16.0%


مشاهده نتايج

صفحات پر بازديد

صفحه اصلي مركز تحقيقات جراحي آندوسكوپيك و روشهاي كم تهاجمي ( 52562 )
کیسه صفرا ( 48639 )
با آندوسكوپي چقدر آشنايي داريد؟ ( 17168 )
لاپاراسكوپي ( 11334 )
كله سيستكتومي ( 7747 )
اعضاي مركز تحقيقات جراحي آندوسكوپيك ( 5916 )
تاريخچه لاپاروسكوپي ( 5351 )
آینده لاپاروسکوپی ( 5062 )
اساسنامه مركز تحقيقات جراحي آندوسكوپيك ( 4903 )
اسلايدهاي گروه جراحي ( 4684 )
اخبار جراحي مركر تحقيقات جراحي اندوسكوپي و روشهاي كم تهاجمي ( 4533 )
فيلم ( 4521 )
معرفي مركز تحقيقات جراحي آندوسكوپيك ( 4507 )
رزومه فارسی دکتر شباهنگ ( 4296 )
آموزش ( 4274 )
كارگاه لاپاراسكوپي ( 4051 )
فرم عضویت اعضاء هیئت علمی ( 3985 )
اولويت هاي پژوهشي مركز تحقيقات جراحي آندوسكوپي ( 3882 )
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اخبار حراحی ( 3210 )
تجهیزات مرکز ( 3190 )

Historical Perspective

The tenth century Arabian physician Abulkasim (936 - 1013) is credited with the first documented use of reflected light

to view an internal body cavity . Although the procedure was successful , thermal injury from the light source limited the technique.Improvements in optics in the latter half of the nineteenth century rekindled interest in the procedure . Around the turn of the nineteenth century , in Europe , particularly in Austria and Germany , many different centers were exploring endoscopy and laparoscopy . In 1869 , Karl Stoerk , an Austrian laryngologist , inspected the esophagus of a patient with an instrument comprised of different jointed segments that could be straightened after insertion . In 1901 , Georg Kelling , a German physician , coined the term “ celioscopy “ in describing his use of a cystoscope to examine the peritoneal cavity of a dog , utilizing insufflation with air . In 1910 , Jacobaeus , a Swedish physician , reported the first use of celioscopy in humans and in 1912 he published a 97 – patient series . The first reported use of laparoscopy in the United States occurred in 1911 when Bertram Bernheim of John Hopkins University performed “ organoscopy “ on two patients , one of which was a patient of W.S.Halstead , diagnosing localized pancreatic cancer , which was later confirmed at open laparotomy by Dr.Halstead .

Heinz Kalk built upon the work of Jacobeus and ,in fact , opened a school for laparoscopy in Germany in the 1920s. He made a number of key advances including the introduction of the angled telescope as well ws describing a multiport procedure for performing liver biopsies. The next major advance was made by Veress in 1938 with the development of a needle that was inserted into the abdominal cavity to induce pneumoperitoneum. It could be argued that it was the work of Kurt Semm , a gynecologist who introduced the automatic insufflator in the 1970s , that ushered in the modern era of laparoscopy .The ability to automatically regulate gas flow and abdominal pressure significantly reduced the incidence of bowel perforations as well as injury to other intra – abdominal and retroperitoneal structures .Semm developed a thermocoagulator to help reduce the injuries caused by unipolar cautery . He also developed the angled – lens scope and hook scissors to allow better visualization and manipulation of pelvic structures. With Hasson’s development of the “open “ technique of cannula insertion in the late 1970s , laparoscopy became a safe and effective procedure with innumerable applications . In fact , by 1984 , Semm had performed over 14,000 laparoscopic procedures with an overall complication rate of 0.28% . Despite these advances , it was not until the introduction of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy , which was first performed in 1988 independently by Mouret in France and McKernan and Saye in the United States that laparoscopic surgery gained widespread acceptance .

 

تاريخ بروز رساني : سه شنبه 28/04/90 ساعت 06:02

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Contact Details:
Main address: University St., Ghoraishy Building 91375-345 Mashhad, Iran ,
Tel:( 98 511) 841 2081-5 , Fax:( 98 511) 8430249 , E-mail: Info(at)mums.ac.ir Members: - Schools and Hospitals School: Dentistry , School: Health , School: Medicine , School: Nursing & Midwifery , School: Paramedical , School: Pharmacy , School: Traditional Medicine , Hospital: Dr.Sheikh , Hospital: Dr.Shariati , Hospital: Emam Reza , Hospital: Ghaem , Hospital: Hashemi Nezhad , Hospital: Ibn-e-Sina , Hospital: Khatam-al-Anbia , Hospital: Montaserie , Hospital: Ommul-Banin , Hospital: Omid , Hospital: Shahid Kamyab , Hospital: Taleghani , History: Mashhad Faculty of Medicine was officially opened on Nov. 23, 1949 by Dr Zanganeh, the minister of culture. The school started out with 61 students, one associate professor and seven tutors. In 1956, when the school of Arts opened, the two schools merged to form the University of Mashhad. In 1989, the faculties offering Medical Sciences' degrees across the country separated from the Ministry of Culture and Higher Education. New emerging Medical Universities have gone under management of Ministry of Health, Treatment and Medical Education. Thus the original University of Mashhad was divided into two independent universities: "Ferdowsi University of Mashhad" and "Mashhad University of Medical Sciences'. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences operates at present with 8 faculties, 32 hospitals, 179 rural and 147 urban health centers. It covers an enormous area stretching from the north east to the central parts of the country, which makes it the largest university of Medical Sciences providing health care and treatment services. With 597 teaching staff, 1645 MDs with different specialties, 138 dentists, 123 pharmacists and 25, 402 employees, the university provides health care and medical services to the area's large population as well as to over 25 million tourists a year.

مشهد، خیابان احمدآباد، بیمارستان قائم(عج)، طبقه سوم، بخش جراحی 2، اتاق 29/3، دفتر مرکز تحقیقات جراحی آندوسکوپیک وروشهای کم تهاجمی. تلفن: 8012806 0511 نمابر: 8402972 0511 پست الکترونیک: emis@mums.ac.ir
تمام حقوق مادی و معنوی این سایت مربوط به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد می باشد و هرگونه کپی برداری از مطالب آن تنها با ذکر منبع بلامانع است.